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Diseases

Malaria

Malaria is the world's most devastating disease and kills more people than any other communicable disease except Tuberculosis. It is currently endemic in almost 100 countries and most prevalent in Africa, Asia and India.

Worldwide, between 300-500 million cases are reported each year and Malaria is responsible for more than one million deaths annually.

Malaria is a parasitic infection of the blood, which is transmitted by the bite of an Anophelesmosquito. There are different strains of malaria, which vary in severity, however the most common strain Plasmodium Falciparum, also known as Malignant Malaria, is the most dangerous strain and can be fatal. The flu-like symptoms can include fever, headaches, vomiting and aching muscles and joints. Malaria is both preventable and curable. Before travelling it is important to check with your GP or travel clinic for up-to-date advice on anti-malarial medication and remember you may need to start taking treatment up to 3 weeks before travelling. However, no anti-malarial drug provides 100% protection, therefore your first line of defence should be to avoid being bitten.

Dengue

Dengue Fever (also known as break bone fever) is a viral illness transmitted by the Aedesmosquito, which tend to be more active during the day. Most commonly found throughout the tropics and subtropics, Dengue Fever is endemic in approximately 100 countries. It is estimated that there are currently 50 million cases of the disease reported each year. Symptoms include a sudden onset of high fever, skin sensitivity, joint and muscle pains, headache and rashes

Seek professional medical advice prior to visiting a high-risk area. There is no vaccine available for Dengue Fever so protection against being bitten is vital.

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